Diane from Patchogue questioned whether it was OK to applique after quilting.
For this quilt, I used the longarm to stitch down the applique at the same time I was quilting. The bears and trees were fused first, then I loaded and quilted the rest of the quilt, and last I quilted the applique down. I wasn't too happy with it last night but looking at it this morning it doesn't look half bad.
There's a book (one of many in my collection) called Appliquilt in the Cabin by Tonee White that uses a technique of appliqueing and quilting at the same time. Hers is done by hand but I don't see why it couldn't be done by machine too but unless it was a small piece I would think it would be too difficult to maneuver the bulk of the quilt.